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The Q-Problem Reconsidered

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Chapter Summary

The Q-hypothesis, that is, the supposition that Matthew and Luke used, in addition to the Gospel of Mark, one other common source, called "Q", has occupied a predominant place in New Testament scholarship for more than a hundred years. There have always been opponents, either proposing another interrelation between the gospels or stressing the importance of oral tradition. The opponents were far from unanimous, and the Q-hypothesis dominated the field. There are some good arguments in its favor, especially two, which therefore have been repeated again and again: agreement between Matthaean and Lukan extra-Markan material is so great that it seems reasonable to think that both evangelists had the same source; and the order in which this material is arranged, is often the same in Luke as in Matthew. The Q-hypothesis could not be maintained without the assumption of a good deal of independence on the part of the evangelists.

Keywords: evangelists; New Testament scholarship; Q-hypothesis

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