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Possible Explanations of Variant Quotations

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Chapter Summary

This chapter concerns with the quotations which are more markedly variant and looks at possible alternative sources, attempting to assess their suitability in accounting for the variant quotations. Since Clement betrays no knowledge of Hebrew or Aramaic in his epistle, the Massoretic Text or Aramaic Targums can be looked as possible sources of Clement's variant quotations. It discusses the possible role that memory may play in these quotations. The availability and importance of a multiplicity of Greek translations of Old Testament (OT) writings in the first century has been vigorously argued by P. Kahle. By "anthologies", collections of particular OT passages brought together in various manuals can be referred. A large majority of the quotations are derived from the LXX whether directly by copying or indirectly from memory. Others, although quoted as "Scripture" come from non-canonical writings. For certain variant quotations other possibilities appear, such as non-septuagintal translations and anthologies.

Keywords: anthologies; Clement's variant quotations; Greek translations; non-canonical writings; Old Testament (OT) writings

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