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17. International War

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Chapter Summary

War has been a plague on humanity throughout history. This chapter focuses on international war, and more specifically on interstate war. It narrows the scope further by focusing on the question of the causes of war, which reflects the strong bias among scholars, at least in international relations and at least until recently, toward studying the causes rather than the conduct, termination, or consequences of war. The chapter then turns to the "bargaining model of war", elements of which have been incorporated into both realist and liberal theories. It describes liberal theories of war and peace, with particular attention to the "democratic peace" and the "capitalist peace". The emergence of an integrated liberal theory of peace and war represents the systematization and empirical testing of Immanuel Kant's conception of perpetual peace based on democratic institutions, free trade, and international law and institutions.

Keywords: bargaining space; capitalist peace; international war; liberal theories



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