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Sacerdotal Separatism

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Chapter Summary

A legalistic, perfectionist, ascetic Judaic piety required repentance and remedies for physical, moral and ritual contamination. Those who entered the Covenant were obligated "to distinguish between the unclean and the clean" "and to be separated from all uncleanness according to their ordinance, and not to defile each man his Holy Spirit according to distinctions which God has made for them". The church is a kingdom of priests to God. The obligations of the Many to eat, worship, deliberate and keep study vigils together are set forth apart from the duties of members of the Council of the Community to deliberate, study and eat together. Such a distinction might imply that not both of the daily meals were cultic, or that only on certain days there were sacred meals. The principle of shadow and copy of heavenly things applies not only to the sanctuary, but also to sacrifices, law and Jerusalem.

Keywords: Jerusalem; priests; ritual contamination; sacerdotal separatism; sacred meals; sacrifices

10.1163/9789004266186_005
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