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Chapter Summary

Paul recalled that the Galatians had received him "as an angel of God, as Christ Jesus", when he preached the gospel for the first time. While there is no polemic against angels or angel worship, the fact that they were chosen as the first standard of comparison with the Son does indicate that the readers were interested in angelology, and that they were receptive to the comparison of Jesus with angels. The Gospel of Bartholornew presents a thorough angelology (creation, fall, names, numbers [in the seven heavens and outer firmament] and functions) as revealed to the Apostle by Beliar himself; in turn, his awesome physical appearance is described. Job's three daughters sang angelic hymns and praises to God in the voice of angels, i.e. in the dialects of the archontes and the cherubim. The angels or powers which rule over natural phenomena and bodies are truly personified powers.

Keywords: angelic hymns; Bartholornew gospel; Christ Jesus; Galatians



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