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Apostolic Authorily

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Chapter Summary

The identity of Paul's opponents is more concealed than revealed in Galatians. "The ones unsettling" (5:12) or "troubling" the readers and "wishing to pervert the Gospel of Christ (l:7) are not named. The Apostle indicated little knowledge of these intruders. The Palestinian origin of the Judaizing missionaries is confirmed by their claiming to be Hebrews. "Jeremiah" prophesied that the Son of God would "choose twelve apostles that they may preach the Gospel among the Gentiles". The Ascension of Isaiah rests teaching authority in the twelve apostles (disciples) sent out by Jesus before his acension (3:17-18; 11:22) and whose teaching will be forsaken in later days (3:21 ff). The search for the origin of Paul's opponents leads us to Palestine, where Aramaic- and Greek-speaking Hebrew Christians had come into contact with Peter and James the Lord's brother, and had obtained the support of a part of the Jerusalem church.

Keywords: apostolic authority; Hebrew Christians; Jerusalem church; Judaizing missionaries; Palestine; Peter

10.1163/9789004266186_009
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