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Chapter Summary

This conclusion chapter of the book illustrates the teachings opposed in Paul's letters to show a variety and spectrum no broader than that which we can find among Qumranian and apocalyptic literature. The new apocalyptic baptizing movement of Christianity was attractive to many who were deeply influenced by such post-Hasidic traditions. As the Apostle's antagonists did not fully share Qumrans preoccupation with priestly purity and exclusiveness, esoteric Scriptural exegesis and communal, monastic discipline and possessions, we may deduce that they were largely town dwellers who, like members of medieval third orders, did not isolate themselves from the impure world. The person and teachings of Christ were accommodated gradually to their system; but Paul made his gospel of Christ the standard for reinterpreting all other matters of concern.

Keywords: Apostle's antagonists; Christ gospel; Christ teachings; esoteric Scriptural exegesis; Paul; Qumranian literature



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