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Chapter One: Literary and Historical Problems

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Chapter Summary

1 Clement was written from Rome about 96-98 A.D. to the Corinthian church in the hope of ending a schism which had developed there after some persons had succeeded in removing the presbyters from office. The intervention of 1 Clement was successful and those presbyters who had been removed from office were in all probability reinstated. The close relationship between 1 and 2 Clement in the tradition of the early church indicates that they were preserved together. This fact alone gives a certain priority to Rome or Corinth, as opposed to Alexandria, since we know the 1 Clement was a writing from the congregation at Rome to the congregation in Corinth. It is most likely that 2 Clement was preserved with 1 Clement at either Rome or Corinth. The probable sociological setting was the oral exhortation to an assembled Christian congregation.

Keywords: 1 Clement; 2 Clement; Alexandria; Christian congregation; Corinthian church; Rome

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