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Chapter Two: Quotations from Authoritative Sources

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Chapter Summary

This chapter determines which sources the writer of 2 Clement utilized, as well as in what manner and for what purpose he used them. In the first two sections dealing with "conscious quotations", only those quotations specifically introduced by an introductory formula are examined. The chapter examines and evaluates those quotations in 2 Clement which suggest, or which have been thought to suggest, acquaintance with the gospel tradition. Important questions to be considered are whether 2 Clement is dependent upon the synoptic gospels or independent traditions, or both; and if independent traditions, what the nature of these traditions is. The chapter also deals with traditional materials not prefaced by introductory formulas, but bearing some recognizable relationship to a known source. The following texts are examined: 2 Clem. 2:1; 6:2,9; 7:1-6; 8:2; 10:2; 11:7 (and 14:5); 13:2b; 14:1,2; 15:1 (and 19:1); 16:3,4; 17:5,7.

Keywords: 2 Clement; authoritative sources; gospel tradition; Jewish scriptures; literary affinities; literary allusions



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