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1 A Portrait of a ‘Thomist’ in the Late-Fifteenth Century

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Chapter Summary

The question of the nature of conscience was an integral part of the scholastic heritage in moral theology and moral psychology, being based on previous speculations in pagan and Christian antiquity, and focusing mainly on patristic theology and on later developments which took place during the eleventh and twelfth centuries, and are today known as 'monastic theology'. Nicolaus de Mirabilibus mentions three faculties in our soul which are responsible for the soul's judgments: synderesis; ratio superior vel inferior; and conscientia. Nicolaus presents his Aristotelian-Thomistic approach with a certain Neoplatonic flavour regarding the nature of God and the relation between Him and other beings. This chapter presents some of the scholarly and philosophical nuances which must qualify the use of the appellation 'Thomist' in any case-study of Nicolaus de Mirabilibus, by focusing on two of his works which have been very rarely discussed by modern scholars.

Keywords: Aristotelian-Thomistic approach; Christian antiquity; god; monastic theology; moral psychology; moral theology; Nicolaus de Mirabilibus; Thomist



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