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The Nineteenth Century

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Chapter Summary

The first Dutch orientalist of any stature in the nineteenth century was Hendrik Arent Hamaker, who died young but began an inventory of the eastern manuscripts in Leiden and prepared an edition of al-Maqrizi's account of the siege of Damietta. The impressive Dutch Arabist in this period was Reinhart Pieter Anne Dozy (1820-1883), who never managed to be appointed professor of Arabic in Leiden and, to his disappointment, had to be content with a chair in medieval and modern history which he accepted on 9 March 1850. Nineteenth-century oriental studies have been criticized on account of their links with European colonial interests. It was Edward Said in his controversial book Orientalism (1978) who accused European orientalists of denying the reality of Islam and the Arab world with their obsession with text editions. They thus encouraged the development of archaic and stereotypical views of the East as a sort of entity.

Keywords: eastern manuscripts; European colonial interests; Hendrik Arent Hamaker; Nineteenth-century oriental studies; Reinhart Pieter Anne Dozy



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