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Chapter Summary

This chapter provides the concluding remarks of the book, which discusses portraits of Wensinck and Kramers on Arabic studies in the Netherlands. The book analyses the foundation of Israel and the wars which ensued in 1948, 1956, 1967, 1973 and 1982, moreover, turned the region into an international powder keg. The economic importance of the Middle East increased because of the exploitation of the oil fields of the Arabian Peninsula, Iraq and Iran, and made the region of vital strategic importance for the West. The new international political and economic relations gave the study of the Arabic language, culture and history a new urgency but also brought about substantial changes. The number of chairs and courses in the domain of Arabic and the Middle East increased in the 1960s. These courses were not limited to Arabic studies but approached matters increasingly from the perspective of the social sciences.

Keywords: Arabic studies; international economic relations; international political relations; Netherlands



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