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Marine Protected Areas in the National Laws of China, The Philippines and Vietnam

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Chapter Summary

This chapter reviews the legal regime of marine protected areas (MPAs), in particular stipulations on the definition, classification, designation and management of MPAs, under the national law of three coastal States in the South China Sea (SCS): China, the Philippines and Vietnam. The SCS is one of the three marginal seas that surround the territory of mainland China (the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea are the other two). China has the most extensive maritime claim among all coastal States in the SCS. The 1995 Measures on the Management of Marine Nature Reserves, adopted by the State Oceanic Administration for the implementation of the Regulations, 1994, is considered the most important legal document relating to the management of marine nature reserves. As one of two important water bodies that surround the Philippine archipelago, the SCS is connected to the country's archipelagic waters from the West.

Keywords: China; marine nature reserves; marine protected areas (MPAs); national law; Philippines; South China Sea (SCS); Vietnam



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