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4 Outline of a Syntax

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Chapter Summary

Scandoromani syntax patterns follow Scandinavian patterns. One finds speech, fully comprehensible and grammatically correct Scandoromani, in which word order, constructions and syntactic patterns are fully equivalent to the matrix language: word by word and beyond, to the level of verbal and nominal compounding. When transcribing or otherwise listening to Scandoromani recordings, one of the most striking features of the language is its use of the unmarked verbal form in nearly all occasions. The most important deviation from Swedish syntax lies in the possibility to omit the place-holder subject, obligatory in Swedish, a rule connected to the Swedish fixed word order. Its primary application in Scandoromani is to 3rd person singular and plural, though it applies as well to the 1st singular form of the personal/demonstrative pronoun and to such impersonal constructions as Swedish det, Scandoromani dolle. Scandoromani follows the expected mixture pattern of a bilingual mixed language.

Keywords: bilingual mixed language; Scandinavian patterns; Scandoromani syntax patterns; Swedish syntax

10.1163/9789004266452_005
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