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An Early Coptic Manuscript of the Gospel According to Matthew

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Chapter Summary

The Scheide Library of Princeton, New Jersey, has recently acquired an early Coptic manuscript containing the complete text of the Gospel according to Matthew in the Middle Egyptian dialect. Dated by palaeographers to the fourth or fifth century, it is one of the four oldest copies of the entire text of Matthew. In addition, the Scheide manuscript contains the text, in Greek and in Coptic, of the Greater Doxology. The oldest manuscript evidence hitherto known of the Greek text of the Gloria is found in the Old Testament volume of codex Alexandrinus (fol. 569). The oldest evidence hitherto known of the Gloria in Coptic is the Sahidic text in a tenth-century parchment leaf in Berlin. The handwriting of the codex is decidedly a "book hand", the letters being square capitals with relatively heavy vertical lines and much thinner horizontal and transverse lines.

Keywords: codex Alexandrinus; Coptic Manuscript; Greater Doxology; Greek text; Mathew; Middle Egyptian dialect; palaeographers; Sahidic text; Scheide Library

10.1163/9789004266551_024
/content/books/b9789004266551s024
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