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Marcus Gnosticus and the New Testament: Eucharist and Prophecy

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Chapter Summary

This chapter investigates Marcus himself and his sacred acts and determines his place in the history of early Christianity. Marcus eucharist and prophecy are two soundly New Testament subjects, and the fact that Marcus explicitly claims both words for his activities, justifies an effort, after an adequate appraisal in terms of history of religion, to test them, too, on their relationship with the primitive Christian traditions concerning the celebration of eucharist, and the prophets. The prayer discussed in the chapter must have been an epiclesis, because otherwise the words "filled with the Holy Spirit" are incomprehensible. The chapter also deals with a typical example of syncretism, a mixture, of hellenistic and gnostic religiosity, and adds some remarks and parallels to illustrate the hellenistic element.

Keywords: gnostic religiosity; hellenistic religiosity; Holy Spirit; Marcus eucharist; New Testament; prophecy



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