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The Year of the Death of Herod the Great

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Chapter Summary

The year of the death of Herod the Great is not only of importance for the chronology of this king and his successors. Since there is little data available to determine the date of the Saviour's birth, it is important for the chronology of the New Testament to fix the date of Herod's death as accurately as possible. Under the influence of the monumental work of Schürer, the communis opinio in the first half of the twentieth century was that Herod the Great died a few days after 1 Nisan 4 a.n according to Hebrew calendar. Following Schürer, this chapter proceeds from the idea that Josephus counted from 1 Nisan. Herod died shortly before or shortly after 1 Nisan 4 a.n. It is not necessary to set his death after 1 Nisan, because the last year of his reign is considered to be the 1 Tishri 5 a.n. - 1 Tishri 4 a.n.

Keywords: Herod's death; Jesus' birth; Josephus; New Testament; Schürer



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