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John XVIII 28 and the Date of the Crucifixion

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Chapter Summary

John xviii 28 is the main stumbling-block in determining the date of the crucifixion. In Jn. xviii 28, the members of the Sanhedrin and the servants of the Jews, the temple-guard that stood under the power of the Sanhedrin, still had to eat the Passover. It is remarkable how the synoptics, immediately after the information that Judas was looking for a good occasion to deliver Jesus to the chief-priests, link up with the preparation for the Passover. While the Jews prepared things for the Sabbath, Pilate made himself ready to deliver Jesus to be crucified. Jesus did not die during the slaughter of the Paschal Lambs, but on the day the members of the Sanhedrin held their postponed Passover. The data of the evangelist John do not contend with those of the synoptics. Jesus Christ died the day after eating the Passover, so, on the fifteenth of Nisan.

Keywords: 15 Nisan; crucifixion; Jesus Christ; John xviii 28; Judas; Pilate; postponed Passover; Sabbath; Sanhedrin; synoptics

10.1163/9789004266599_007
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