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The Composition and Structure of Matthew 23

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Chapter Summary

When compared to its scattered parallels, Mark 12: 37b-40, and Luke 11:37-52, 13:34-35, Matthew 23 materializes as a complex literary piece composed of disparate parts that are interlaced together in much the same manner as Matthew 5-7. The comparison of synoptic parallels prompts the elusive question about sources. What sources did Matthew have in hand, and how did he proceed in the composition of this discourse? This chapter determines briefly the sources which Matthew utilized, to outline the general indications that Matthew 23 is a composition of Matthew, and to delineate the context of the passage in the framework of chaps. 21-25. The first step in determining what sources Matthew may have had in hand is to compare Matthew 23: 1-39 with its synoptic parallels. This cannot be simply done and necessitates a survey of the various problems which inhere in a horizontal comparison of the Gospels.

Keywords: Gospels; Luke; Mark; Matthew; synoptic parallels



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