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The Gentile Bias in Matthew

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Chapter Summary

It is commonly held that the Gospel of Matthew was written by a converted Jew. In proof of this are usually noted such features as the genealogy, the blocks of teaching material, many quotations from Jewish scripture, eschatological passages, Jewish particularism, Semitic words and idioms, and particularly the use of "kingdom of Heaven" instead of "kingdom of God". It may be urged that "Matthew" sometimes used the original Hebrew rather than the LXX. "Matthew" usually reflects the LXX. His own peculiar material shows use of the LXX. He even alters Markan quotations in the direction of the LXX. "Matthew" was strongly partisan, favouring the gentile and renouncing the Jew. He was a gentile Christian who wrote his gospel in Syria, where Gentile Christianity threatened to dominate even in the days of Paul. The two strains in his Gospel reflect these two stages in God's plan to save his chosen people.

Keywords: converted Jew; genealogy; gentile Christian; Gospel; kingdom of Heaven; LXX; Matthew



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