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The Israel of God

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Chapter Summary

Israel who pursued the righteousness which is based on law did not succeed in fulfilling that law because they did not pursue it though faith. Some gentile converts had already become Jewish when Paul proclaimed his Gospel of freedom in the synagogues, and therefore must have already satisfied the requirements imposed by the Jewish community. Paul applied the same identification to both Jew and gentile: "He is a Jew who is one inwardly" who follows "the example of the faith which our father Abraham had". "Gentiles have attained righteousness through faith;" Paul's God has reckoned them as righteous, justified by God along with Jewish converts to the "Christian" faith. Within Judaism Paul's Jewish and gentiles converts to faith in Jesus as the Messiah, reckoned by God's grace to be righteous through their faith rather than their works, all became (in Paul's interpretation) the true circumcision, "the Israel of God".

Keywords: "the Israel of God"; Abraham; Christian faith; Gentiles; Jewish community; Paul

10.1163/9789004266650_004
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