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The Nature and Identity of the Reconstructed Sources

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Chapter Summary

It is evident that in many respects this «kerygma source» is close to Barnabas. But there is no question of identity. Justin's non-LXX quotations tend to deviate from the LXX where Barnabas agrees, and vice versa. Many of the crucial testimonies in Justin's «kerygma» material are totally absent from Barnabas. Justin's first testimony on the apostolic mission is Is 2:3b. 4 (LXX text). If Justin's source was a dialogue, he would not want simply to reproduce the questions and answers of his source. The objections and questions raised in the source he would include in his own exposition of the text - hence the many objections stated by Justin himself. But he would show his independence of his source, and his greater mastery of the debate, by letting Trypho ask new questions - questions not asked or answered in Justin's source.

Keywords: Barnabas; Justin; kerygma; non-LXX quotations; Ttypho

10.1163/9789004266674_009
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