Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Forbidden in Shifted Speech

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

This chapter investigates sentences that can never be interpreted as free indirect discourse. Specifically, it looks at imperatives and vocatives. Both constructions are banned from both (free) indirect thought and indirect speech. The chapter surveys the data and illustrates this ban for either case. It discusses how they relate to utterance context. In each case, the aim is to provide an explanation for the observed prohibition. The proposed analyses remain sketchy in respects orthogonal to the topic and are not designed to comprehensively cover all possible observations for the constructions in question. However, the chapter uses the present account for rigid and shiftable reference to contexts as our background for investigating the indexical nature of imperatives and vocatives. It reviews data showing that imperatives and vocatives are prohibited in free indirect discourse. The chapter illustrates the prohibition for the imperative in English and German.

Keywords: English; free indirect discourse; German; imperatives; indexical nature; indirect speech; observed prohibition; utterance context; vocatives



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    The Semantics of Free Indirect Discourse — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation