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The International Context of the Creation of the NPR: 1945–1950

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Chapter Summary

This chapter illuminates the international factors and events behind the decision to create the National Police Reserve (NPR). It seeks to broaden the existing knowledge of the origins of the NPR, particularly by exploring the non-Japanese organisations which influenced its development. The chapter focuses on the neglected area of the American sponsored constabularies which preceded the NPR in Asia. It also includes an examination of the influence of the outbreak of the Korean War on the final decisions behind the creation of the NPR including the influence of the Japanese government. The principal forces which provided a model for the NPR were the US Constabulary, the Philippines Constabulary (PC) and the Korean Constabulary (KC). The only European American constabulary to influence the NPR was the US Constabulary. The KC was intended to help defuse the arms race between various political parties' private armies by inducting their members into the KC.

Keywords: Japanese government; Korean Constabulary (KC); Korean War; National Police Reserve (NPR); US Constabulary



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