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The Evolution of the NPR

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Chapter Summary

This chapter demonstrates the gradual evolution of the National Police Reserve (NPR) into the National Safety Force (NSF) and Ground Self Defense Force (GSDF) represented the partial, but not complete, erosion of its constabulary character. This aim was achieved through reference to three processes; the decline of opposition strength, principally the removal of MacArthur; the increase in US pressure to rearm, especially after the arrival of Ridgeway; and the limited assumption of more equipment and influx of former Imperial Japanese Army (IJA)/ Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) purgees, a result of the first two processes. It also examines the remnants of the NPR's structure and character which still exist in the GSDF. This was done by highlighting the methods of resistance to US pressure employed by the Japanese government which were eventually defined as the 'Yoshida Doctrine', the cornerstone of postwar Japanese security policy.

Keywords: Ground Self Defense Force (GSDF); Imperial Japanese Army (IJA); Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN); Japanese security policy; MacArthur; National Police Reserve (NPR); National Safety Force (NSF); Yoshida Doctrine



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