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Chapter Summary

This chapter reveals a number of intertwining narratives around the National Police Reserve (NPR). Central amongst these was the battle over its character, lasting from before its birth until its evolution into the National Safety Force (NSF)/ Ground Self Defense Force (GSDF). Actors in this struggle included American policymakers both in Washington and Tokyo, elements of General Head Quarters (GHQ), the Japanese Communist Party (JCP), MacArthur, Yoshida, Hattori and numerous other less significant Japanese and American individuals and groups. These battles frequently pitted the Right against the centre-Right, for example in the form of Willoughby and Hattori versus MacArthur and Yoshida, as in the case of the JCP against the Japanese government. These struggles, which took place against the background of the Cold War and Korean War, also reflect the internal Japanese extension and reflection of the polarised politics, in what Dower and Yoshida call the 'internal' Japanese Cold War.

Keywords: American policymakers; Ground Self Defense Force (GSDF); Japanese Cold War; Japanese Communist Party (JCP); MacArthur; National Police Reserve (NPR); Yoshida



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