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Chapter Summary

In this introduction chapter of work dedicated to cogito tacit, Merleau-Ponty emphasizes the role of consciousness in the following terms: "[.] the language presupposes consciousness of language, silence of consciousness which envelopes the speaking world and where the first words receive configuration and sense". In the philosophy of Merleau-Ponty, after the publication of phenomenology, and as we shall see it, the theme not only continues to occupy a not insignificant place, but gradually takes the importance, of the thought of the philosopher to the last years. on the contrary, the theme of language emerges in Merleau-Ponty, from his early research, within a debate on the living that dates back to the Kantian philosophy, and, besides, it is also in reference to Kant that the author of the structure of behavior raises the specificity of language in the human experience. The original text of the chapter is in French.

Keywords: human experience; Kantian philosophy; language; Merleau-Ponty; phenomenology; structure of behavior



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