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Forme, totalité, sens. L’influence de Goldstein et de Kant et l’émergence de la question du langage au moment de La structure du comportement

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Chapter Summary

For the present work, regarding the language, the return to structure of behavior is necessary, and it for several reasons. The three notions of form, entirety, and sense enable us to place first book of Merleau-Ponty in philosophical debate on living that dates back, initially, as we shall see, until eighteenth century and to Kantian philosophy, not to the first Criticism, as important as it is for the work of Merleau-Ponty, but in the Criticism of faculty to judge. The reasonings developed by Kant in second part of Criticism of faculty to Judge with respect to living being have played important role in the development of one of thoughts that most influenced the Merleau-Ponty in his first works, that of neuropsychiatrist Kurt Goldstein. As noticed by Jean Starobinski, it exits, in Merleau-Ponty and Goldstein, "a dialectic of internal and external". The original text of the chapter is in French.

Keywords: entirety; form; Kantian philosophy; Kurt Goldstein; language; sense; structure of behavior



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