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Summary and Concluding Remarks

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Chapter Summary

The study of the use of μαθητής revealed that Rengstorf overstated the Sophistic influence. In the earliest written use the term was used in three ways: it was used with a general sense, in morphological relation to, to μαθητής refer to a "learner;" it was also used quite early with a technical sense to refer to an "adherent" of a great teacher, teaching, or master; and it was also used somewhat more restrictedly by the Sophists to refer, to the "institutional pupil" of the Sophists. Socrates/Plato tended to avoid using the term to designate his followers in order to avoid Sophistic misassociations, but he used the term freely to refer to "learners" and "adherents" where there was no danger of misunderstanding. This study of Matthew' s use of μαθητής reveals his special interest in the disciples as a literary figure.

Keywords: μαθητής; great teacher; Matthew; Plato; Socrates; Sophistic influence



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