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Issues Raised by the Data

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Chapter Summary

Three points concerning Paul's use of nomos are made; (i) no importance can be placed on the presence or absence of the definite article; (ii) nomos can refer to the Old Testament (OT) as a whole or limited to various parts within it; and (iii) normally nomos refers to the OT or Jewish law. Nomos is used in a variety of ways and, with few exceptions, refers to some aspect of the OT or Jewish law. The law originates with God. God ultimately gave the law to make transgressions increase. There is at least an implicit distinction between the ceremonial law and the moral law. Paul argues from solution to plight; the solution is the atoning death and resurrection of Jesus. The plight for Paul is the fallenness of man. Man is enslaved not to the "ceremonial" law but to the "moral" law.

Keywords: ceremonial law; God; Jesus; Jewish law; moral law; nomos



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