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The Community Rule and the Psalms of Solomon as Background to the Apocalyptic Judaism Of Paul

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses that considerable linguistic precision is required for a proper construal of the soteriology of apocalyptic materials. Therefore, writings which in their bulk are extant only in Ethiopic are not as useful as those which have gone through fewer translations. Likewise, the existence of Christian interpolation in some writings lends a degree of uncertainty to any interpretation, rendering them somewhat less desirable as a basis of this sort of comparison with Paul. Two writings seem particularly appropriate for a comparison with Paul: the Community Rule (IQS) and the Psalms of Solomon (Pss. Sol). Both are pre-Pauline, yet fairly close to Paul chronologically. Both have a Palestinian provenance. IQS and the Pss. Sol. represent two quite different communities. The chapter involves the comparison and contrast of two groups which themselves were only a part of the diversity which characterized pre-70 Judaism.

Keywords: Apocalyptic Judaism; Christian interpolation; Community Rule (IQS); Paul; Psalms of Solomon (Pss. Sol)



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