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Chapter Summary

The close identification of eucharist and Passover, evidently warranted by the New Testament, has been taken as a point of departure, not only by exegetes, but in pastoral practice. The image of eucharist as a transcendent Passover suited the interests of Christian theology just after World War II. The emphasis was placed on the ecumenical, "final reunion" of which the meal was a "foretaste", and apparent deference could be accorded to Judaism, even as a claim of supercession was perpetuated. Judaism of the period of the second Temple, often called early Judaism, is today seen as a much more pluralistic phenomenon than it once was, as a result of publications of the materials found at Qumran and the Targumim, and analytic inquiry into the nature of Rabbinic literature. Critical appraisals of Judaism and the formation of the New Testament have undermined the foundations of his theory of Jesus' eucharistic words.

Keywords: Christian theology; early Judaism; Jesus' eucharistic words; New Testament; Passover



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