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The Passover

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Chapter Summary

The Petrine circle transformed the meaning of the final meals of Jesus with his disciples. The last supper, a specifiable moment within the story of the passion, was presented within the idiom of a covenantal sacrifice of sharings, after the manner of Moses on Sinai. The impact of the present transformation of the meal has been so great that it is routinely granted by some scholars that "the last supper" was a Passover, although the consensus is now opposed to that position. The Gospels correctly report that the authorities had every reason to deal with Jesus before the crowds of Passover arrived (Matthew 26: 1-5//Mark 14: 1-2//Luke 22: 1-2). The evident affinity between the Quartodecimans and Christian Judaism serves to confirm that, at an earlier stage, identifying eucharist with Passover and limiting participation within it to Jews were tendencies which went together.

Keywords: Christian Judaism; Jesus; Matthew; Passover; Petrine circle

10.1163/9789004267053_006
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