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Prestige, Protection and Promise: A Proposal for the Apologetics of Q

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Chapter Summary

The discussion of Q's stratigraphy naturally leads to a probing of the possible social contexts which would explain the orientation of the material. Although scholarly consensus is not unanimous, there is a general and growing support for the position of John Kloppenborg that of the two major strata of Q, the Wisdom speeches belong to an earlier stage of the document (Q1) while the Judgement material demonstrates the controlling influence indicative of a later development in Q's composition (Q2). The shift in the character and scope of Q2 has been attributed to an apologetie in the face of a failed Jewish mission. This chapter first discusses Q1 and Q2 with attention to three prominent areas of difference: a. Religious Identification; b. Cultural Script; c. Incentives and Rewards. The shift that is observed in Q2 is then discussed in relation to the culture of the Greco-Roman world.

Keywords: cultural script; Greco-Roman world; mediterranean culture; religious identification; strata of Q



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