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On the Gospel of Thomas and Q

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Chapter Summary

In this chapter, the author discusses the advances being made by the scholars to determine their relation to the synoptic gospels, to each other, and to apply them to the larger problem of Christian origins. To sustain the theory that GThom (Gospel of Thomas) is indeed dependent upon the synoptic gospels, the author tries to account for GThom's lack of connective narrative. He addresses the principal argument, viz., that GThom is a Gnostic document and therefore belongs to the second century. There are several Thomas texts which exhibit a degree of synoptic dependence. A more sophisticated approach is now emerging which recognizes the fluid dimension of GThom's textual history. The shared tradition between Q and GThom are two kinds, oral sayings and lists of sayings. Taken together, GThom and Q demonstrate the fact that Jesus, and the ever-evolving Jesus sayings, were interpreted with remarkable freedom and diversity.

Keywords: Gospel of Thomas (GThom); Jesus; synoptic dependence; textual history



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