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Chapter Summary

The theme of "Biblical theology", as defined by the reciprocal relationship between the collections of Old and New Testament writings, has been associated in the modern context with the development of historical-critical research. During the century of Reformation, as an expression of the inheritance from the rhetorical traditions of antiquity the relationship between the two main parts of the Christian canon was understood on the basis of the concept of biological organism, which is to say that the Old and New Testaments were regarded as an intimately-functioning unity which had room for both similarities and differences as weIl as both a periphery and a centre. At the beginning of the present century, the eminent church historian, Adolf von Harnack, writing, above all, as a Protestant theologian, was forced to deny to the Old Testament any significant relevance in connexion with New Testament.

Keywords: Aarhus conference; biblical theology; Christianity; New Testament



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