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Пapphσia in Acts

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Chapter Summary

The word παρρσία has an extensive tradition in Greek philosophy. In the Roman and Hellenistic period "frank speech" acquired the meaning of speech by the friend, who, unlike the flatterer, does not seek to please but to be honest. Van Unnik finds in Acts a connection between παρρσία and proclaiming Jesus to Jews in the presence of opposition and threats. The significance of παρρσία in Acts is expressed both in features that are common to all or most occurrences and in features unique to each occurrence or group of occurrences. The noun παρρσία occurs both first and most often in the account of Pentecost and the first believers (Acts 2-4). In Acts 2-4 references to παρρσία are set within allusions to classical writings. Elsewhere Acts depicts events in Jerusalem in language that combines allusions to ancient Israel with allusions to classical Athens.

Keywords: παρρσία; frank speech; Greek philosophy; Hellenistic period; Jerusalem; Jesus; Pentecost; Roman



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