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Holding on to Confidence: Пapphσia in Hebrews

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Chapter Summary

The problem of the characteristic use of παρρσία in Hebrews is readily seen in the attempts commentators make to reconcile the meaning assigned to the word by the letter's author with the history of its usage in the Greek language. A survey of the literature on the use of παρρσία in Hebrews 3:6, 4: 16, 10: 19, and 10:35 shows a remarkable compatibility among interpretations. Drawing more on the hellenistic-Jewish background of παρρσία as found in Philo and Josephus, van Unnik stresses the remarkable use of the word in the New Testament (NT), in particular where it is applied to one's relationship with God. This chapter shows that the meaning of παρρσία in Hebrews is best grasped when it is understood against the background of the community situation addressed by the letter.

Keywords: Greek language; Hebrews; Josephus; New Testament (NT); Philo; van Unnik



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