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Philo and his World

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Chapter Summary

In a presentation of Philo as an exegete for his time it is necessary first to characterize the person and his outlook. Philo was a prominent member of the Jewish community of Alexandria, the largest Jewish settlement outside Palestine. Philo was a learned person. He had a wide Greek education, and was acquainted with many Greek philosophers and writers. Like Josephus, Philo gives evidence of the fact that Jerusalem was the center of a network which tied the Palestinian and the Diaspora Jews together. Among the cities of the Roman Empire, Philo describes only Alexandria, his home city, in any detail. Philo's geographical world perspective is viewed from the stand point of a Jew who is located in the Diaspora southeast of the Mediterranean. Philo's home city, Alexandria, is also mentioned in Luke-Acts. Philo pays more attention to Athens than the author of Luke-Acts does.

Keywords: Alexandria; Jewish community; Palestine; Philo

10.1163/9789004267329_003
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