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Jesus: Eschatological Prophet and/or Wisdom Teacher?

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Chapter Summary

Answers to the question of who Jesus was differ greatly in terms of eschatological/apocalyptic or wisdom theology. This chapter deals with three possible answers to the question of who Jesus was. It discusses the question of whether Jesus was an eschatological prophet, a wisdom teacher, or perhaps both. It is an attempt to get to grips with the different images of Jesus which currently dominate New Testament scholarship. It then emphasises the fact that there are currently other images defended by scholars, such as the liberator of the oppressed, a revolutionary and so on. The chapter discusses some of the reasons why there are currently two opposing images of Jesus among New Testament scholars, namely the images of Jesus as an eschatological prophet or a wisdom teacher. It also attempts to deal with these matters within the context of first-century Palestine and not simply within the framework of twentieth-century thought.

Keywords: apocalyptic theology; eschatological prophet; Jesus; New Testament scholarship; Palestine; wisdom teacher



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