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2 Peter and the Apocalypse of Peter

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Chapter Summary

The relationship between 2 Peter and the Apocalypse of Peter, though much discussed in the older literature, has never been satisfactorily clarified. It was the publication of the Akhmim Greek fragment in 1892 which first provided evidence for postulating a literary relationship between the two works. At this time, before the Ethiopic text of the Apocalypse of Peter was known, the Akhmim fragment could be treated as a reliable witness to the original Greek text of the Apocalypse. Resemblances between it and 2 Peter were detected by James, who listed fifteen resemblances, and Harnack. Some concluded that 2 Peter was dependent on the Apocalypse of Peter, some that the two works derive from the same circle, while Sanday suggested common authorship. However, the view which prevailed generally was that argued by Simms and then more influentially by Spitta: that the author of the Apocalypse of Peter borrowed from 2 Peter.

Keywords: 2 Peter; Akhmim Greek fragment; Apocalypse of Peter; James; Simms; Spitta



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