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Σωma in First Corinthians

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Chapter Summary

Ʃώµα (body) is of special interest since it is an essential element in a number of significant and problematic issues in First Corinthians, namely, the teaching on sexual ethics, the Lord's Supper, the gifts of ministry, and the resurrection. Ʃώµα also has a specific bearing on Paul's anthropology, that is, (1) its individual and corporate dimensions and, in relation to the individual, (2) its monistic or dualistic nature. The corporate 'body' in the Apostle's letters denotes primarily the sexually united couple and the church as the 'body of Christ. 'The body of Christ' and 'in Christ' stand in contrast to 'the body of Adam' and 'in Adam', and all four phrases denote spheres of existence in which the individual is incorporated and implicated. According to I Cor 15:12 certain Corinthians say that 'there is no resurrection of the dead', apparently recognizing that resurrection is a physical, that is, bodily event.

Keywords: Adam; Christ; First Corinthians; Paul's anthropology



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