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II. Textzeugen

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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents an overview on the most important witnesses to the Old Testament book of Joshua next to the Masoretic Text (MT), the Greek translation of the Sep-tuaginta (LXX) and the two fragmentary Qumran manuscripts. The ancient versions of the book of Joshua can be relatively a unique group. The chapter presents an overview on the translator and his model of the book of Joshua. The book of Joshua may be explained by literary initiative of the translator, so it would be an attempt to reconstruct the book of Joshua from the Greek text by retroversion of the Hebrew original. The chapter discusses the Hebrew original of the LXX and MT. MT and LXX do not reflect textual differences, but rather formed as two different editions of the book. The original text of the chapter is in German.

Keywords: book of Joshua; Greek translation; Hebrew original; Masoretic text (MT); Qumran manuscripts; Septuaginta



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