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A Variety of Targum Texts

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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents the results of describing, naming and categorizing all the manners, in which the Targum texts are handed down, including their direct context and paratexts. The first category of handing down Targum consists of continuous texts, that is to say, an Aramaic translation of an entire Biblical book. The way in which the Targum is presented within a continuous manuscript or edition varies. A vast majority of the manuscripts including a continuous Targum text provide this text together with the Hebrew original. A few anthologies of targumic texts are known, of which the so-called Fragmentary Targum is the most famous. These texts do not form an integral part of the official Targums, Onkelos and Jonathan, but stem from the Palestinian Targums. Some continuous and liturgical Targum texts include this material, others give selections in the margin under headings such as 'Jerushalmi' or 'Tosefta'.

Keywords: Aramaic translation; Hebrew text; Targum texts



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