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Initial Observations Concerning the Text of Targum 2 Samuel 22 as Preserved in European Liturgical Manuscripts

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Chapter Summary

This chapter provides initial observations concerning the text of 2 Samuel 22 in the liturgical manuscripts, in particular its character, the relationship between the witnesses of the liturgical text, and its relation to the continuous text of Targum Jonathan. A marked contrast between the Italian and Ashkenazi sources is the extent of the text they contain. Concerning the Italian liturgical sources, the text follows that of the standard text of Targum Jonathan but with some pluses and substitutions. Unfortunately history has bequeathed us only two Italian manuscripts of the continuous text of Targum Samuel, but if these two manuscripts are representative of the continuous textual tradition in Italy, then it is clear that in Italy the liturgical text had a textual form and transmission history distinct from that of the continuous text. Some of the Italian liturgical manuscripts show Palestinian dialect features.

Keywords: 2 Samuel 22; Ashkenazi sources; Italian sources; liturgical manuscripts; Palestinian dialect features; Targum Jonathan



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