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The Latin Versions of the Old Testament from Jerome to the Editio Clementina

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Chapter Summary

This chapter gives an overview of a status quaestionis on the Jewish Targum in a Christian World, it is axed on the Old Testament and on the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, starting with a description of the long and important history of what is called the Vulgate (Vg). The first use of this term for Jerome's version was possibly by Froben in 1530. Jerome arrived in Rome in 382 already with a certain scholarly reputation to revise the Latin version, the Vetus Latina, of the Gospels with help of the Greek text. In this first enterprise, Jerome limited himself to places where he found mistakes, but when it was just a question of wording, he restrained himself from intervening, because people had become acquainted with the old forms. The other parts of the New Testament were also revised, but less thoroughly, and possibly not by Jerome.

Keywords: Christian World; Jerome; Jewish Targum; Old Testament; status quaestionis; Vulgate



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