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The ‘Jewish’ Rabbinic Bibles versus the ‘Christian’ Polyglot Bibles

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Chapter Summary

The year 1517 is a special year in the history of the Targum, because two major editions were published, both of them in Southern Europe. In Venice the so called first Rabbinic Bible was edited and printed, and in Alcala de Henares the so-called Complutensian Polyglot Bible was edited by a team of scholars under the supervision of Cardinal Jimenez de Cisneros. This chapter explores the first and second editions of both traditions, i.e., the first and the second Rabbinic Bible as well as the Complutensian and Antwerp Polyglots. These editions describe from three perspectives: their marketing and success, where it becomes evident that the marketing strategies were different but that problems with clerical and political powers were comparable; their contents, where the differences outnumber the similarities; and their paratexts, where some influences from the Rabbinic Bibles on the Antwerp Polyglot becomes clear.

Keywords: Complutensian Polyglot Bible; Rabbinic Bible



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