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Traces of Targum Reception in the Work of Martin Luther

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Chapter Summary

Although Martin Luther was not among those theologians and Christian Hebraists of the Protestant Reformation movement, who made extensive use of the Targum tradition in their work, he nevertheless plays an important role for the investigation of the backgrounds and contexts of literary second-hand Targum reception in the first half of the sixteenth century. This chapter describes the most important indirect and direct traces of this reception in Luther's work chronologically, and analyzes their exegetical and theological relevance. This should be understood as part of a comprehensive investigation into the Targum as an outstanding literary monument of early Bible translation and a treasure of arguments in exegetical, apologetical and polemical discourses, both within the different branches of the Reformation movement, and the broader context of confessionalization, which is still a desideratum, despite much progress in research on Christian Hebraism in general.

Keywords: Christian Hebraism; Martin Luther; Protestant reformation movement; Targum tradition



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