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Chapter Summary

This introductory chapter presents an overview of the book Medical Empiricism and Philosophy of Human Nature in the 17th and 18th Century, which evaluates the role played by medical empiricism in the emergence of a philosophy of human nature in the seventeenth century and the role played by philosophical anthropology in the eighteenth century. They question the position of medicine within so-called "natural philosophy", which encompasses physiology and anatomy, as well as physics, astronomy and chemistry. The aim of the book, which brings together German, Italian and French researchers, was to understand the constitution of a modern image of man and to study its transformations, starting from the debate between physicians and philosophers, which was revived in the new human and animal anatomy and physiology according to Vesalius.

Keywords: anthropology; medical empiricism; natural philosophy



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