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The Kingdom of God and the Kingship of Christ in the Fourth Gospel

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Chapter Summary

One of the most striking differences between the Gospel of John and the Synoptic Gospels is the use of the phrase the kingdom of God. This chapter focuses on the apodosis or the second part of the sayings: what does it mean to "see" or to "enter" "the kingdom of God"? The solemn introduction, the common topic of "entering" the kingdom and the similarity of the condition: "accepting like a child" or "being born again" indicate a probable dependence of the two logia, and most scholars see the Johannine version as a development of the Synoptic. The meaning of the phrase "enter the kingdom" in the Synoptic Gospels can be illuminated by a look at its paradigmatic relations or at its synonyms and antonyms. In the Gospel of John "life" and "eternal life" has replaced the "kingdom of God" as the dominating expression for the gift of salvation.

Keywords: Gospel of John; kingdom of God; Synoptic Gospels



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